Here’s is what you need to know about Grand Prix

Automotive

Grand Prix stands for ‘great prizes’ or grand prizes’ in French. Grand Prix refers to an automobile racing which began in France at the beginning of 1906 and soon after turned into the most famous sort of racing globally. Grand Prix immediately developed from basic street racing starting with one town then onto the next, transforming into the greatest racing event.

Grand Prix motorsport takes place on a closed highway or on different courses mimicking the road conditions.

Grand Prix motorsport is operated via car manufacturers around the globe under the supervision of the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA), which sets the standards for racing, such as standards, rules and regulations for vehicle classes, including the Formula 1 Grand Prix racing.

Formula 1 is the most elevated class of single-seater motorsport claimed by the Formula 1 Group and endorsed by the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA). A Formula 1 season comprises of a progression of races, known as Grands Prix, which happen worldwide on to specific tracks and rarely on open streets.

Grand Prix racing is also known as Formula 1 racing as its immediate relative. Every occasion of the Formula 1 World Championships is as yet called a Grand Prix; Formula 1 is additionally alluded to as Grand Prix racing.

In the beginning, Grand Prix referred to races that took place in France during 1862, around this time the first French Grand Prix horse race also took place. However, in the present age, Grand Prix races refer to World Championship of Drivers and their teams. 15 Grand Prix races are held yearly in nations throughout the world.

2019 Formula 1 calendar

Following is the calendar of Grand Prix Formula 1 races and where they are scheduled to be held. This schedule of races depicts how big of motorsport it is, spanning all around the globe and many iconic cities.

Race Day City Grand Prix
17 March 2019 Melbourne Australia
31 March 2019 Sakhir Bahrain
14 April 2019 Shanghai China
28 April 2019 Baku Azerbaijan
12 May 2019 Barcelona Spain
26 May 2019 Monaco Monaco
09 June 2019 Montreal Canada
23 June 2019 Le Castellet France
30 June 2019 Spielberg Austria
14 July 2019 Silverstone Great Britain
28 July 2019 Hockenheim Germany
04 August 2019 Budapest Hungary
01 September 2019 Spa-Francorchamps Belgium
08 September 2019 Monza Italy
22 September 2019 Singapore Singapore
29 September 2019 Sochi Russia
13 October 2019 Suzuka Japan
27 October 2019 Mexico City Mexico
03 November 2019 Austin USA
17 November 2019 Sao Paulo Brazil
01 December 2019 Yas Marina Abu Dhabi

Other Grand Prix Events

Following is the list of all locations for the Grand Prix events around the globe:

  • Vanderbilt Cup
  • United States Grand Prix
  • Tunis Grand Prix
  • Tripoli Grand Prix
  • Targa Florio
  • Swedish Winter Grand Prix
  • Swedish Summer Grand Prix
  • Stockholm Grand Prix (Formula Two)
  • San Sebastián Grand Prix
  • Russian Grand Prix
  • Penya Rhin Grand Prix
  • New Zealand Grand Prix
  • Moroccan Grand Prix
  • Mille Miglia
  • Lviv Grand Prix
  • Hungarian Grand Prix
  • Dutch Grand Prix
  • Donington Grand Prix
  • Czechoslovakian Grand Prix
  • Coppa Ciano
  • Coppa Acerbo
  • Chilean Grand Prix
  • Buenos Aires Grand Prix
  • Belgrade Grand Prix
  • Belgian Grand Prix
  • Bari Grand Prix
  • Australian Grand Prix
  • Argentine Grand Prix

Formula 1 regulations

The following are various Formula 1 guidelines that are currently implemented since Formula 1 guidelines made and implemented by the FISA and the FIA, have changed significantly since the primary Formula 1 World Championship in 1950.

Refuelling

Since 2010, refuelling is prohibited during the Grand Prix race. At the start of each race, the car must begin full fuel as required by the race.

Tyres

Pirelli is the sole supplier of tyres for the Formula 1 racing since 2007. Pirelli as of now supplies five variations of tyres both dry, intermediate and wet tyres, of which three mixes are given at each race. Ain-ul-Haq, a salesperson from PitStopArabia (an online tyre store in UAE) said,” Right now, choosing an ideal set of tyres is a key decision that the groups need to make concerning which one tyre to use at a particular time during the lap. These tyres are only what is going to increase or decrease the hold between track and the Formula 1 car, so it’s a certifiable key piece to think about when setting up the Formula 1 car for the race”.

The mix of different types of tyres in terms of long-enduring and quicker tyres adds as a component of every vehicle’s race methodology.

From 2016 and onwards three dry tyre mixes are brought to a race at the end of the week. Since 2019, paying little heed to tyre compound, one tyre is assigned as delicate, one as medium and one as hard.

Drivers select 10 arrangements of tyres for a race at the end of the week. Each compound is separated by a colour shading around the tyre’s sidewall thus depicting the characteristics of a tyre as follow:

  • Ultra-soft – C5

Color                                                  :              Purple

Tread                                                  :              Slick

Driving Conditions                           :              Dry

  • Super soft – C4

Color                                                  :              Red

Tread                                                  :              Slick

Driving Conditions                           :              Dry

  • Soft – C3

Color                                                  :              Yellow

Tread                                                  :              Slick

Driving Conditions                           :              Dry

  • Medium – C2

Color                                                  :              White

Tread                                                  :              Slick

Driving Conditions                           :              Dry

  • Hard – C1

Color                                                  :              Orange

Tread                                                  :              Slick

Driving Conditions                           :              Dry

  • Intermediate

Color                                                  :              Green

Tread                                                  :              Treaded

Driving Conditions                           :              Wet

  • Wet

Color                                                  :              Blue

Tread                                                  :              Treaded

Driving Conditions                           :              Wet

Contenders are permitted just a predetermined number of the following sets of tyres during a race:

  • Thirteen dry
  • Four intermediates
  • Three wet

FIA (Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile) allows the contenders to pick the 3 sorts of dry tyres among which 2 must be used and a third one is an alternative during a Grand Prix weekend. After the FIA releases the 3 sets of dry tyres available, each team picks a number of tyres they need of each sort. In any event, 1 measure of the available sets must be picked. After each driver picks the measure of all the 3 sets of tyres available, the information by FIA is given to the Pirelli in order to get tyres ready and delivered to Grand Prix Event.

Each group is permitted to have 13 sorts of dry tyres for the race. Of the 13 sets, two arrangements of tyres are picked by Pirelli to be saved for the race. Likewise, 1 an arrangement of the mildest compound tyre is put aside for Q3. Remaining 10 sets are to be picked by the team from their ten remaining sets from the three picked mix of tyres.

After the receival of desired tyres, the nitrogen is filled into them and the pneumatic pressure is checked and recorded. The Intermediate and Wet set of tyres for each driver is available with the Pirelli tyres at every Grand Prix yet they don’t give it until there’s a need such as precipitation.

Note: During the training sessions drivers are restricted to utilize three arrangements of dry tyres, and certain sets must be brought back to the provider Pirelli before the second and third sessions.

Scoring

The Championships of Grand Prix are chosen by the system of points, which are granted by the spot wherein a driver finishes at every Grand Prix, however, only if driver completed 90% of winner’s race distance.

Following is the point system as of 2010.

1st place 25 points
2nd place 18 points
3rd place 15 points
4th place 12 points
5th place 10 points
6th place 8 points
7th place 6 points
8th place 4 points
9th place 2 points
10th place 1 point
11th place onwards No points

Every team has two contenders in every Grand Prix that is why points are granted similarly to the drivers and team; for instance, if a driver for one team comes at the 2nd place, eighteen are added to his season all out; if his partner completed in at 5th place in a similar race, he adds 10 to his season all out, whereas the team cumulatively earns 28  points. Likewise, champions are decided based on the highest number of points earned by the team and the driver

Penalties

Punishments might be forced on drivers for various offences during the race, such as; speeding in the pitlane, blocking unreasonably, or overlooking flags. Following are the kinds of punishment which a driver may experience for infringement of on-track rules:

  • The five-second penalty may be added if the driver is due to the Pit.
  • A penalty of 10 seconds also known “Stop-go” may be imposed if the driver exceeds the speed limit of the Pit lane, jump starts, or ignores flags. As the stop is intended to rebuff the driver for an offence, team members are prohibited to work at the culpable vehicle whenever the driver is serving the punishment in the pitstop.
  • Drive-through penalty may also be imposed on drivers for minor offences.
  • A progressively extreme punishment might be forced for increasingly extreme infractions; adding ten spots to the driver’s current position at the following Grand Prix.
  • The most serious punishment in like manner is the black flag, it might be for disregarding punishments or for specialized abnormalities of any kind; it connotes that the driver has been precluded from the current race and if needed many other races and his outcomes for that race won’t check toward the title.
  • Finally, for very serious infringement a driver may be disqualified from the championship. However, this decision by Grand Prix can be taken to court.

Communication

There is no such restriction on communication between the driver and the Pit-wall.

What’s New in 2019?

Following are some of the changes made to Formula 1 in 2019:

NEW FRONT WING

To help drivers of the chasing Formula 1 car pursue the Formula 1 opponent in front more closely, a higher, wider front wing is added to the Formula 1, thus making the overtaking more effective.

The height of the front wing is increased by 20mm, its width by 200mm, and is pushed ahead by 25mm. A lot less complex endplates are added thus the full width of the wing is committed to coordinate downforce generation.

The wing’s additional stature further upgrades its capacity and make it less touchy to slow down – so drivers are less inclined to abruptly lose front-end grasp when they close up on the opponent car.

NEW REAR WING

A new rear wing is also added, which is higher, wider yet simpler like the front wing. This upgrade helped the car to advance much nearer to the opponent while racing.

The height of the rear wing is up by 20mm, and a width increment of 100mm, thus the bigger wing gives advantage to cars that are trying to slipstream from behind.

Other changes

Here are some of the other upgrades made to Formula 1 in 2019

  • NEW BARGE BOARDS
  • REVISED TYRE COLOURS
  • BIOMETRIC GLOVES
  • REAR WING ENDPLATE LIGHTS
  • INCREASED FUEL ALLOWANCE
  • EVEN STRONGER HELMETS
  • NEW BRAKE DUCTS
  • CAR AND DRIVER WEIGHT